About Myanmar

First of all, we do want to greet with, "Mingalabar!!!

This lovely greeting word meanwhile your Int'l flight's landing in Yangon, you may hear from our local people along with Myanmar's sweet smile from inner heart. "Mingalarbar" is both a word of warmly welcome and a wish for good fortune. Furthermore, it can be using the whole day that it is not restricted in the morning, afternoon and evening.

As Asia at it the best destination! Myanmar now is been seeking as one of the world newest and populous destinations for the travelers. We offers great historical value, rich cultural heritage and a unique daily life style, Myanmar also possess a vast eco-diversity such as pollution free air, virgin landscape, lifespan river system and unspoiled beaches etc. Absolutely, through it what makes the destination most enjoyable is the Myanmar people who have often been described as the most friendly with happy faced and openhearted people in the world of Asia.

Physical Geography

Republic of The Union of Myanmar, (formerly known as Burma) is recognized by the world as the Golden Land. and it is the largest nation in mainland Southeast Asia. Its neighboring countries are China, India, Bangadesh, Laos, and Thiailand as seen in the map of Myanmar and is located between the two most populous nations in the world—China and India. With a territory of Myanmar, is (676,577) square kilometer and geographically, from North (the Himalayan Mountains) to South (the Mergui Archipelago) Myanmar stretches 1,275 miles (approximate 2050 kms) and East to West at its widest extent approximately (580) miles (935-kilometre). Its exact location is between North Latitude 9. 30/ and 28. 30/, and between East Longitude 92. 10/ and 101. 11/. It is the second largest country in South East Asia after Indonesia.

Historical Background

As first Kindgom, most people believe the locals are migrated from China/Tibet border into the Irrawaddy region but earliest human inhabited in this area can tracked back to 3000 B.C. where Suwarnabhumi, known to historian was beginning in contact with Buddhism probably back in 300 B.C. and known as "Mon period" as well.

For the second stage in the rule of the Burmese Kingdom, was referred as the "Pyu period" which may occur during 1st century Thayekhittaya (Sri Ksetra), after that Beithano (Vishnu) and Hanlin.

First Myanmar Empire, known as Bagan Kingdom, was founded by King Anawrahta (1044-1077) who unified the country through his strong leadership and intellect. Its capital at Bagan lasted until the end of thirteenth Century, Myanmar was decline in part due to large amounts of money and time being spent on building pagodas. In 1287, Kublai Khan (Mongolian) ransacked Bagan thus starting a period of continual conflicts that continued for many centuries. This brought about British occupation to keep peace on the borders of these countries and after (60) years, took over all of Myanmar.

Second Myanmar Empire with its capital in Bago (Pegu) was founded in med-16th century by King Bayinnaung. The Third and the last Empire was founded by King Alaungpaya in 1752. In the 19th century, during the peak period of colonialism, Myanmar was annexed in three stages by the British after three Anglo-Myanmar Wars in 1825, 1852 and 1885. British made all of Burma a province of India in 1886 with the capital at Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon). The early twentieth century saw the British separated Burma from India in 1937 but the outbreak of World War II where Japanese were routed from Burma (Myanmar) in May 1945 and Burmese independence was gained on January 4th, 1948 due to trying hard of General Aung San and Martyrs before they were not been assassinating.

People and Race

A population of approximately over 60 million people in Myanmar, consist of eight main national races; Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakkhine and Shan along with as many as a hundred and thirty five ethnic minorities, distributed in the different regions of the country, is mixed with mountain ranges of different heights and low lying areas. Most of tribal groups still follow their own traditional customs, cultures, costumes, dialects and life-styles.


Recently, newest capital of Myanmar is "Nay Pyi Taw" which is located in Kyatpyae Village of Pyin Ma Nar township of Mandalay Division and "Nay Pyi Taw" means "Royal City". The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved to a Greenfield site 3 kilometres west of Pyin Ma Nar on 6 November 2005 and the capital's official name was announced on Armed Forces Day in March 2006. Nay Pyi Taw is approximately 320 km north of Yangon.


Around (89.20% ) of Myanmar (Burmese) is Theravada Buddhism as the main religion and the rest are freedom of worship for other religions such as Christianity (5.05%), Islam (3.78%), Hindus (0.55%) and some sectarian beliefs including animists and Nat worshippers (1.27%) and other faiths Bahai Sikhs, Lipian fujianhal, Chinese, etc. (0.61%).


As Myanmar is Theravada Buddhism country, Buddhism has great influence on the conduct of life. People therefore have maintained the tradition of reverence for religion and clergy, obedience and respect for parents, elders & seniors and always wear simple, modest dresses and traditional native costumes of the different tribes. Every full moon day of the lunar month is celebrated joyously with delicacies, food and charities for a religious, social or seasonal festival. Generally speaking the people are hospitable, friendly and fund loving, so Myanmar known as most kind heart with full of smile country either SEA or over the world. But during the Buddhist Lent (from full moon of July to full moon of October), there has nothing marriages, shifting of residences and the change of monasteries for the clergy as it is a taboo for the laity.

Flora & Fauna:

Myanmar is endowed with a rich diversity of habitat types arising largely from its unusual ecological diversity. It is home to nearly 300 known mammal species, 300 reptiles and about 100 bird’s species. The country is also a haven for about 7000-plant life. The potential worth of plant species in Myanmar is considerable.


There are three seasons in Myanmar; Summer, Rainy and Winter season. Generally, most of the year will have daytime temperatures around 30°C (86°F) and mid-20s (high 70s) temperatures at night. Coolest period is from mid November till end of February with average temperatures 15-24°C. Hottest period is from March till end of May with average temperatures 25-33°C. Monsoon period is from June till October with average rain fall 15 inches and temperature 18-28°C. Coastal areas are usually cooler but more humid. The best time to visit Myanmar is from October to mid-May.


Myanmar food is a cross between Chinese and Indian – with traditional Myanmar curries and soups being the local favorites. Furthermore, Nga-Pee-Yae (boiled fish paste) along with spicy is Myanmar's essential side dish and having to match fresh or boiled or pasted many kinds of vegetables. For mostly essential for breakfast, it is name in "Mohinga" which is thick spicy fish soup with vermicelli and here is motto on "Mohinga"; "if you are a real Myanmar nation, you never survive for a long time without eating Mohinga". Some of tourist prefers to have Myanmar's Mohinga. Visitors will more commonly be offered Chinese cuisine because it is better suited to the Western palate. However, you may choose Myanmar specialties from menus at international hotels and local restaurants.


Agriculture, forest produce, minerals, oil, fisheries and tourism industry are the main sectors. Myanmar proved ideally suited for supplying a large proportion of the world's rice. With industrialization, a world market for agricultural products suddenly emerged as some countries found it more profitable to produce industrial goods and import food with the proceeds rather than grow their own food. Since 1988, the centrally planned economy was repealed with more liberal market oriented economy. Thus the private sector has been encouraged to do business in domestic & foreign trade and commerce. In keeping with the policy a number of laws had been promulgated. Myanmar is making steady progress in rehabilitation by construction projects of dams, bridges, railways, roads, buildings, electricity and public utilities.

Currency & Foreign Exchange

Myanmar currency is Kyat, one Kyat being equal to 100 pyas. For the convenience of the visitors, Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs) are issued in $ 20, $ 10, $ 5 and $ 1 notes by the Central Bank of Myanmar to use during their stay. These FECs are acceptable like US dollars by any person in the Union of Myanmar. It is printed on the note as 1 FEC = 1 USD. As here is allow taking US $ 2000 normally, if visitor may bring in any amount of foreign currency exceeded US $ 2000, it must be declared to the customs.


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